## Place Value Representation

### Here is an easy way to create and implement strategy to unpack place value for students (created by one of my former graduate students). I suggest using this after manipulatives and visual representations (drawing on paper) in a CRA sequence. It is hands on but it includes the symbolic representation (numbers). Hence is another step before jumping into the mathy stuff.

### The focus can shift to money as well.

## The I in Instruction can be the same I in IEP and IDEA.

### I am consistently surprised by the reliance on canned items for students who struggle. There are different reasons students struggle but we know that there are secondary characteristicsÂ and factors that inhibit effective information processing that can be addressed with some Individualization.

### In a math intervention graduate course I teach at the University of Saint Joseph, my graduate students are matched up with a K-12 student with special needs. The graduate student implements instructional strategies learned from our course work. Below is the work of one of my grad students. From class work and our collaboration we developed the idea of using the fish and a pond as base 10 blocks for the student my grad student was helping. He likes fish and fish will get his attention. The grad student explained that if he has 10 fish the 10 fish go into a pond. In the photo below the student modeled 16 with a TEN (pond) and 6 ONES (fish).

### Similarly, another student likes Starbursts and that student’s respective grad student created Starburst packs to represent TENS and ONES (there are actually 12 pieces in a pack so we fudged a little).Â The point is that it was intuitive and relevant for the student. The student understood opening a pack to get a Starburst piece.

## Long Division for Students who Struggle

Making the concept of long division accessible:

- Start with simpler problem
- Use base ten blocks (and later with drawingsÂ as seen in the photo) and have students model each step of the long division with the base ten blocks.
- Do this for each step.
- Follow with more complicated problems

See link Â to document with full explanation.